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Unequal power relations operate not only in the public world but also in the private sphere, within households. This Guidance has been developed to support national statistical offices in developing ways to measure power in the private sphere, looking at who usually makes decisions about a variety of matters, from routine grocery shopping to saving up for a car, and from seeing a doctor to
As the number of international migrants has grown, it is becoming increasingly important for the public and policymakers to understand migratory flows and the impact of migration on individuals, families, societies and economies. For this, it is necessary to look at change over time, as underscored in the Global Compact for Safe, Orderly and Regular Migration. A longitudinal approach where
Measuring the activities of multinational enterprise groups is one of the major challenges facing producers of official statistics today. Sharing data nationally and internationally on the activities of multinational enterprise groups has become necessary to ensure the high quality of official statistics. This Guide follows in the steps of the two previous guides on globalization - The Impact of
When the Covid-19 pandemic broke out in March 2020, preparations for the 2020 round of population and housing censuses were well underway in countries across the UNECE region: some were already in the field, while the majority were in the advanced stages of planning for a 2021 census. The impacts of the pandemic on census-taking have been wide ranging; from the need for social distancing in
This publication provides guidance on applying various approaches to data disaggregation for measuring poverty and aims to improve the international comparability of poverty statistics. Regardless of how accurate the national measures of poverty are, their usefulness will be limited if they mask existing disparities within societies. The introductory Chapter 1 lays down the
Gender statistics, like statistics on any other topic, are valuable to users only if they are easily found and accessible, and if users find them relevant and easy to understand. National statistical offices  must take extra care when communicating gender statistics to balance the need to remain impartial with the obligation to produce relevant data to inform policymaking and answer the needs of
This Guide introduces seasonal adjustment and gives practical guidance to national statistical offices in producing seasonal adjusted monthly or quarterly time series covering all steps in the production process, from the evaluation of the original data series to the dissemination and communication of the seasonally adjusted series. The Guide can be used in introducing new staff to seasonal
The population census is not just about counting how many people live in a country, but also providing information about age, sex, and other key characteristics that allow countries to paint a picture of how different groups, with different needs, are spread out across the country. In fact, the census provides the foundation for many statistics that help us make informed decisions affecting
The idea of viewing human knowledge and abilities as an asset and to estimate its value is not new but has gained more prominence in recent years. ln 2016, the United Nations Economic Commission for Europe (UNECE) published the "Guide on Measuring Human Capital"with the objective of pursuing the conceptual development of human capital measurement and with a particular focus on developing
Many countries and regions are facing two increasingly stark trends: rapid urbanization and a growing number of natural disasters caused by climate change-related hazards. Combined, they substantially increase the risk to which many people are exposed. The increasing number and magnitude of disasters and their impacts on people, the economy and the environment have led to the adoption of global
This report reviews the situation and trends in progress towards the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) through the lens of 49 selected indicators under each of the 17 SDGs. Indicators were selected based on their relevance to the UNECE region and availability of data. For the most part, the report relies on the data available in the United Nations Global SDG Database as of 20 December 2019
Statistics on social and demographic topics are usually produced from surveys of private households. People living in institutions are often excluded because it can be complicated and expensive to identify and sample the institutions and their residents.But populations across the UNECE region and throughout the world are growing older, and for many countries this means that the population of
Leading, composite and sentiment indicators make it possible for official statistics to shed new light on aspects of the economy and the society, for instance through compilation of leading indicators on the economic development or composite indicators measuring the well-being of households.This publication gives guidance to statistical offices that produce or consider producing leading,
 Official statistics are an indispensable element of the information system of democratic societies, serving governments, economies and the public with data that can help them understand and make decisions: about the economy, about the population, about society and the environment. An essential precondition for carrying out this task is a strong legal and institutional setting for statistical
UNECE Countries in Figures presents a profile of social and economic indicators for each of the 56 UNECE member countries.These profiles, prepared by the UNECE Statistical Division, are intended to be of interest to readers not necessarily familiar with statistical terminology or with interpreting statistical tables. A glossary of terms and list of references is available at the back of the
The world is becoming more interconnected, with an acceleration in the movement of information, capital, goods, services and people across international borders. As it becomes easier to travel and work in other countries – especially in common market areas such as the European Union – the expansion of international labour mobility has become a topic of growing policy importance.International
 Migration shapes societies. Its economic, social and demographic impacts are large and increasing. Policymakers, researchers and other stakeholders need data on migrants – how many there are, their rates of entry and exit, their characteristics, and their integration into societies. These data need be comprehensive, accurate and frequently updated. There is no single source that can provide
The Guidelines provide practical guidance on how to develop and maintain statistical business registers to support the production of business demography and entrepreneurship statistics. The Guidelines contain definitions and compilation guidance for key demographic events and propose business demography indicators that can be produced directly from the register. They also describe the
 In a world where huge amounts of data are being generated all the time, and where citizens can look up almost anything they want, official statistics must stand out as a unique sourceof impartial and trustworthy information. The Fundamental Principles of Official Statistics – based on professional independence, scientific methods and rigorous quality criteria – give official statistics their
The purpose of this publication is to guide national statistical offices and other responsible agencies on the use of registers and administrative data in population and housing censuses, including operational, practical, technical and legal aspects.The publication was prepared by a task force established by the Conference of European Statisticians (CES), composed of experts from national