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Historically, extractive industries have also been a major driver of economic growth, particularly for now-advanced economies that benefitted during and after the Industrial Revolution. Currently, mineral resource extraction plays a dominant role in the economies of 81 countries that account for a quarter of global GDP, half of the world’s population and nearly 70 per cent of those living in
The 2030 Agenda and its Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) provide an ambitious and comprehensive framework that opens new perspectives for policymaking and international cooperation. Its integrated character highlights the linkages and complementarities that exist between different goals and targets. UNECE is supporting countries to address these key sustainable development challenges through
The COVID-19 pandemic has presented an abrupt, even if temporary, halt to some of these trends, and underscored systemic vulnerabilities in health, economic, social and other systems, including those related to energy and industry. Failure to transition quickly to more sustainable systems will perpetuate these vulnerabilities, while also jeopardizing the fight against climate change and
The world’s energy sector is undergoing a profound transition. This transition is driven by the need to expand access to clean energy in support of socio-economic development, especially in emerging economies, while at the same time limiting the impacts of climate change, pollution and other unfolding global environmental crises. Fundamentally this transition requires a shift from the use of
Micro-, small and medium enterprises (MSME) are prominent in sectors affected by the COVID-19 pandemic. MSME in the energy efficiency and renewable energy sectors were implementing innovative, circular, green and sustainable initiatives before the onset of the COVID-19 pandemic, so they are well-placed to contribute to the post-COVID-19 recovery. However, on both the supply and demand sides MSME
The multifaceted requirements of sustainable development are primarily dependent on the optimal and responsible use of natural resources.  A new paradigm of optimising resource efficiency and progressing towards a circular economy is required to realise the need for balanced development of natural resources. The United Nations Resource Management System (UNRMS) is being designed as a unifying
Promoting Energy Efficiency Standards and Technologies to Enhance Energy Efficiency in BuildingsECE Energy Series No. 60Geneva, 2020Buildings today are responsible for approximately one third of total final energy consumption and account for almost 40 percent of carbon dioxide emissions. Advanced technical solutions
The Best Practice Guidance for Effective Methane Recovery and Use from Abandoned Coal Mines (BPG on AMM) is aimed at raising awareness of AMM opportunities and hazards by providing accessible high-level guidance for senior corporate,
Pathways to Sustainable Energy-Early Warning System ConceptEarly Warning System Concept highlights the important aspect of the early warning and planning system including those specific to adaptive policy pathways for sustainable energy. Sustainable energy policies affect the global economy and environment. These
Pathways to Sustainable Energy – Accelerating Energy Transition in the UNECE RegionIn September 2015 countries agreed to the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development that comprises seventeen Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs). Attainment of the goals depends directly or indirectly on the availability of
How Natural Gas can Displace Competing Fuels(Geneva, 2019)If there is to be a significant role for gas as a transition fuel, let alone as a destination fuel, governments and international institutions in the UNECE region will have to develop strategies that encourage the use of gas in the near- and medium-term
How Natural Gas can Support the Uptake of Renewable Energy(Geneva, 2019)There is a strong medium-to-long-term future for gas so long as it wholeheartedly embraces the energy transition and partners with renewables to produce carbon-free products, notably hydrogen, whislt embracing carbon capture, use and storage (CCUS).Gas has
The Potential of Natural Gas to Penetrate New Markets(Geneva, 2019)The versatility of gas means it can be used for heat, for power, for combined heat and power (CHP), for petrochemicals and fertilisers, and in internal combustion engines. Natural gas can also be used as a source of hydrogen, and with biogas can contribute to
 Hard Talks in ECE Countries on How to Increase Renewable Energy UptakeThis publication explores the outcomes of Hard Talks carried out in Azerbaijan, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Georgia, Kazakhstan, Serbia and Ukraine, from 2016 until early 2019. The study provides an outline of the
ECE Energy Series 58: Application of UNFC Case Studies 2019 (ECE ENERGY SERIES No. 58) (2019)This publication provides a series of case studies on various resource projects, including niobium, oil & gas, rare earth elements, thorium and uranium, from different countries. The case studies serve to