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Unequal power relations operate not only in the public world but also in the private sphere, within households. This Guidance has been developed to support national statistical offices in developing ways to measure power in the private sphere, looking at who usually makes decisions about a variety of matters, from routine grocery shopping to saving up for a car, and from seeing a doctor to
As the number of international migrants has grown, it is becoming increasingly important for the public and policymakers to understand migratory flows and the impact of migration on individuals, families, societies and economies. For this, it is necessary to look at change over time, as underscored in the Global Compact for Safe, Orderly and Regular Migration. A longitudinal approach where
When the Covid-19 pandemic broke out in March 2020, preparations for the 2020 round of population and housing censuses were well underway in countries across the UNECE region: some were already in the field, while the majority were in the advanced stages of planning for a 2021 census. The impacts of the pandemic on census-taking have been wide ranging; from the need for social distancing in
This publication provides guidance on applying various approaches to data disaggregation for measuring poverty and aims to improve the international comparability of poverty statistics. Regardless of how accurate the national measures of poverty are, their usefulness will be limited if they mask existing disparities within societies. The introductory Chapter 1 lays down the
The population census is not just about counting how many people live in a country, but also providing information about age, sex, and other key characteristics that allow countries to paint a picture of how different groups, with different needs, are spread out across the country. In fact, the census provides the foundation for many statistics that help us make informed decisions affecting
The world is becoming more interconnected, with an acceleration in the movement of information, capital, goods, services and people across international borders. As it becomes easier to travel and work in other countries – especially in common market areas such as the European Union – the expansion of international labour mobility has become a topic of growing policy importance.International
 Migration shapes societies. Its economic, social and demographic impacts are large and increasing. Policymakers, researchers and other stakeholders need data on migrants – how many there are, their rates of entry and exit, their characteristics, and their integration into societies. These data need be comprehensive, accurate and frequently updated. There is no single source that can provide
  The purpose of this publication is to guide national statistical offices and other responsible agencies on the use of registers and administrative data in population and housing censuses, including operational, practical, technical and legal aspects. The publication was prepared by a task force established by the Conference of European Statisticians (CES), composed of experts from national
This publication contains a series of good practices and recommendations on effectively communicating the results of population projections. Here, “communication” encompasses not only how projections should be disseminated to users, but also what should be communicated. The aim is to improve the coherence between what is produced by national statistical offices and what is needed by users,
Conventional economic statistics, such as national accounts and employment measures, are largely designed to measure the market economy and in most countries exclude unpaid household service work. Economists have argued for many years that ignoring these services introduces biases in various areas of economic analysis. For instance, an increase in childcare or long-term care provided by the
Circular migration – a repetition of migration by the same person between two or more countries – is a topic of growing importance, on which information is needed for policy development. To meet this demand, tools must be established to better measure the extent to which existing international migration patterns become more (or less) circular over time and to evaluate policies aiming at
Migration is a powerful driver and important consequence of economic, political and social change, and therefore needs to be adequately measured and understood. However, the improvement of statistical systems to measure migration has been a slow process because of weak coordination between migration statistics producers, discrepancies in the applied definitions, and challenges related to data
The population and housing census provides, at regular intervals, information on the number and characteristics of the population of a country, and on its housing stock. It is an essential source of information for small-area, national, regional and international planning and development. This publication reviews the practices followed by countries in Eastern Europe, Caucasus and Central Asia
The main objectives of the Conference of European Statisticians Recommendations for the 2020 Censuses of Population and Housing are: to provide guidance and assistance to countries in the planning and execution of their population and housing censuses; and to facilitate and improve the comparability of census at the UN regional level through the identification of a core set of census topics  and
The increased movement of people across international borders has brought the issue of migrant integration to the forefront of national polices.  International migration can have great societal and economic impacts, both positive and negative, on both individuals and countries of origin and destination, particularly when viewed through the lens of time.  Thus, improved measurement of the
This publication reviews the practices followed by countries in the UNECE region (covering Europe, Central Asia and North America) during the 2010 round of population and housing censuses. The aim is to compare the different approaches and practices adopted by the countries and to assess the compliance with the Conference of European Statisticians (CES) Recommendations developed for the 2010
The objectives of these Guidelines are to (a) help statisticians and policymakers understand the importance of time-use surveys, (b) provide guidance in the design and implementation of  time-use surveys, and (c) improve the international comparability of their results. The  Guidelines include recommendations of preferred or best practice, based on the experience of member countries of the
This document contains a set of questions on health state, to enable the production of internationally comparable measurements for this topic. It reflects the work of the Budapest Initiative Task Force, composed of experts from many countries and international organizations. The Budapest Initiative recommends the inclusion of these questions in health interview surveys, organised at the
The 2006 High-level Dialogue on International Migration and Development at the United Nations General Assembly concluded that international migration could play an important role in national development, provided that it was supported by the right set of strategies and policies. This has led to the increase in international efforts related to migration and its measurement. Responding to the
In recent decades, families, households and living arrangements have gone through major changes in Europe and North America. In particular, the patterns of family formation, dissolution and reconstitution have become more heterogeneous and family boundaries more ambiguous.This publication presents a framework and a set of concepts and indicators for the measurement of new forms of families,