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Ensuring Rights and Choices amid Demographic Change: Report on the implementation of the Programme of Action of the International Conference on Population and Development in the UNECE Region


The United Nations’ 1994 International Conference on Population and Development (ICPD) in Cairo set a bold new vision of the relationships between population, development and individual rights and well-being. It recognized that population was not about numbers, but about people, and that individual dignity and human rights are the basis for individual well-being and sustainable development.
Ahead of the 30-year anniversary of the ICPD Programme of Action, this report evaluates achievements and setbacks, highlighting how recent crises have impacted trends in population and development. The report identifies areas where efforts must be accelerated, shares policy responses to long-standing and emerging issues, and provides action-oriented recommendations for advancing progress on the ICPD and 2030 Agendas in the UNECE region.