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- English
Uzbekistan has made important recent progress in liberalizing its economy for trade and investment, spurring economic growth and creating significant reform momentum for sustainable development and the transition towards a circular economy, in line with United Nations Agenda 2030. Innovation plays
- English
Since independence, Moldova has navigated the challenging transition to a market economy while achieving significant, albeit volatile, economic growth, reduced poverty levels and the status of a lower-middle-income economy. However, productivity growth has declined as original drivers of structural
- English
This handbook covers the key steps and considerations to set up, run, and evaluate business incubation programmes. Section 1 outlines the defining characteristics of BIs and their effectiveness in transition economies. Section 2 describes the stages of business incubator creation, namely: BI
- Pусский
Являясь инструментом инновационной политики, бизнес-инкубаторы (БИ) обладают большим потенциалом для стимулирования инновационного предпринимательства за счет предоставления стимулов, обеспечения поддержки, налаживания связей и создания благоприятных условий для людей, которые хотят разрабатывать и
- English
The handbook seeks to support policymakers in the Eastern Europe and South Caucasus (EESC) sub-region to design effective policies and institutions to further enable and foster the potential of innovative, high-growth entrepreneurship as invaluable drivers for innovation-led sustainable development
- English
The Sub-regional Innovation Policy Outlook (IPO) of the United Nations Economic Commission for Europe (UNECE) rests on a mandate from the UNECE Committee on Innovation, Competitiveness and Public-Private Partnerships. It helps Eastern Europe and the South Caucasus (EESC) countries assess their
- Pусский
В этом буклете на 17 страницах кратко изложены основные идеи и рекомендации, сформулированные в Обзоре инновационной политики (IPO), 2020 года. Он также имеется здесь на русском языке.
- English
The Eastern Europe and the South Caucasus (EESC) sub-region (Armenia, Azerbaijan, Belarus, Georgia, the Republic of Moldova, and Ukraine) has considerable potential for sustainable growth and development. Innovation, or broad experimentation with new ideas, is crucial to making the most of this
- Pусский
Субрегион Восточной Европы и Южного Кавказа (ВЕЮК) (Азербайджан, Армения, Беларусь, Грузия, Республика Молдова и Украина) обладает значительным потенциалом для устойчивого роста и развития. Инновации или широкое экспериментирование с новыми идеями имеют решающее значение для максимального
- English
Georgia engaged in an impressive array of reforms during the past two decades, turning it into one of the most open, well-governed countries with economies in transition in the UNECE region. The regulatory climate for doing business ranks among the best globally, and Georgia has become a vibrant
- English
  Innovation is central to the United Nations 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development and to economic development across the world. One of the most open and democratic countries in the region, with a strategic location, educated work force, strong legacy of applied research, competitive wage
- English
  Innovation is a pillar of the United Nations 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development and of approaches to economic development across the world. This is particularly prominent in Belarus, with its legacy of world-class scientific research and industrial production, where the Government has
- English
  The public sector plays a very significant role in modern economies. As in the business sector, innovation can be a major source of productivity growth, cost savings and improvements in service quality; benefits which then also positively affect businesses and citizens who rely on an efficient
- English
  Innovation has never been higher on the economic policy agenda, and features prominently in the United Nations 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development. The Republic of Tajikistan has achieved strong economic and social development over recent years, and has made important steps in moving away
- English
In modern, competitive economies, knowledge-based innovation is the foundation for economic development. Sustained growth and improved living standards can only be obtained by increasing productivity and introducing new and better products and services that compete successfully in the global
- English
Many transition economies in Europe and Central Asia are endowed with rich natural resources and biodiversity. At the same time, global climate change and associated extreme weather events are already affecting these countries, with serious economic and social consequences. This Guide reflects the
- English
Innovation is a key driver of sustainable development and economic growth, and for meeting the Millennium Development Goals, as re-affirmed by the 2013 Annual Ministerial Review of the United Nations Economic and Social Council. The global financial crisis of 2008-2009, the effects of which are
- English
In modern, competitive economies, knowledge-based innovation is the foundation for economic development. Sustained growth and improved living standards can only be obtained by increasing productivity and introducing new and better products and services that compete successfully in the global
- English
The Innovation Performance Review of Kazakhstan continues the series of national assessments of innovation policies initiated by the pilot Innovation Performance Review of Belarus. These policy advisory exercises draw on the experience accumulated by the UNECE in the identification of good
- English
Innovation is the key driver of economic growth and development in the medium to long term. It can be defined as the process of introducing new products, services and production processes into the market place and to create new profitable enterprises and higher-paying jobs on this basis. A well-