Road transport facts and figures. How healthy and environmentally friendly is our transport today? This eMagazine serves as a joint point of reference for the occasion of the Fifth High-level Meeting on Transport, Health and Environment in Vienna 17–18 May 2021. The work took place under the auspices of the Bureau of the Transport, Health and Environment Pan-European Programme (THE PEP), a joint programme of the UNECE and WHO Regional Office for Europe. The Netherlands worked as lead country for this assignment, represented by the Dutch National Institute for Public Health and the Environment (RIVM) and the Ministry of Infrastructure and Water Management (IenW) in close cooperation with international experts and policymakers from a wide variety of backgrounds.