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A Guide to Circular Cities

This Guide contains a circular city implementation framework that is designed to improve circularity in cities and support stakeholders in implementing circular actions. The framework consists of a four-step methodology that provides a consistent method for assessing, prioritising and catalysing different circular actions. This deliverable is developed in response to the growing sustainability challenges that cities are facing and the emergence of the circular economy concept and its applicability and extension in the city setting.
The Guide starts with an assessment of the main developmental and sustainability challenges that cities are facing and the ways in which the concept of circular economy can be extended beyond the economic sphere and be applied to different city assets.

Case studies:

Energy efficiency in buildings
Toronto: A case study of cooling systems for buildings using Deep Lake Water Cooling

City solid waste management
Spain: Promoting recycling of municipal waste
India: Recycling of plastic waste through use in road construction

Affordable housing and social inclusion
City of Vienna: House sharing in urban areas as a tool for social inclusion
Kirinda, Sri Lanka: Wild Coast Tented Lodge as best practice of building affordable housing using local construction materials

Urban mobility
Dubai: Mobile solutions for ordering taxis and other transportation services, ‘E-hailing’

Re-use of consumer goods and tools loaning
Toronto: Sharing/collaborative city, loaning home and gardening tools
London: Crystal Palace Library of Thing
Delhi: Recycling discarded textiles to premium ware
Munich: Halle 2 second-hand store as a hotspot of the local circular economy
Finland: Consumer goods and tools loaning

Reducing food waste
Mumbai: Collects surplus food at hotels and distribute to the poor
Oslo: Circular bioresources – treatment of food waste, garden waste and sludge from wastewater

Participatory urban planning
Melbourne: Participatory planning of public spaces

Circularity to promote local businesses and digitization
Amsterdam: Circular economy into the ICT industry effectively
Dubai: Circular ICT devices and infrastructure
Toronto: Circular procurement framework