The present publication contains the third Environmental Performance Review of Uzbekistan. The report examines the progress made by the country in the management of its environment since it was reviewed for the second time in in 2009–2010 and assesses the implementation of the recommendations made in the second review.
The EPR covers legal and policy frameworks and environmental compliance assurance mechanisms and addresses the topics of greening the economy, environmental monitoring, public participation and education. Furthermore, it addresses issues of specific importance to the country related to air protection, biodiversity and protected areas, as well as water, waste and chemicals management. The EPR also examines the efforts of Uzbekistan to integrate environmental considerations into its policies in the energy, agriculture, transport, industry and health sectors and to make human settlements more environmentally friendly. The Aral Sea disaster and its consequences for the environment and human health come as a cross-cutting issue throughout the review. The review further provides a substantive and policy analysis of the country’s climate change adaptation and mitigation measures and its participation in international mechanisms. It includes an assessment of relevant targets of the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development and provides recommendations related to the achievement of Sustainable Development Goals.
The publication is aimed at officials and experts working for public authorities responsible for environmental policy, representatives of civil society, the business community, academia and the media.
The Committee and the ECE Secretariat are grateful to the Government of Uzbekistan and its experts who worked with the international experts and contributed their knowledge and expertise. ECE would also like to express its deep appreciation to the German Federal Ministry for Environment, Nature Conservation, Building and Nuclear Safety and the German Federal Environment Agency for their support by providing funds through the Advisory Assistance Programme, and to Switzerland for its financial support to this review.
Sincere thanks also go to Hungary, Italy, Portugal, the United Nations Environment Programme, the World Health Organization Regional Office for Europe and the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development for having provided their experts to this review. Furthermore, ECE is grateful to the United Nations Country Team in Uzbekistan for its support of this review.
ECE also takes this opportunity to thank Austria, Germany, Norway, Portugal and Switzerland and the European Union for their financial support to the EPR Programme in 2018–2019 and expresses its deep appreciation to Estonia, Georgia, Germany, Hungary, Italy, Montenegro, Romania and Switzerland for having provided their experts for the ECE Expert Group on Environmental Performance Reviews, which undertook the expert review of this report.
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