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Water resources and ecosystems underpin socio-economic developments in energy and agriculture as well as in industry, tourism, navigation and other sectors. However, these developments also exert significant pressure on the environment, with impacts on the availability and quality of water. Tackling water and environment-related issues through nexus solutions means understanding inter-sectoral
The Convention on the Protection and Use of Transboundary Watercourses and International Lakes (Water Convention), hosted by the United Nations Economic Commission for Europe (ECE), requires Parties to prevent, control and reduce transboundary impact, use transboundary waters in a reasonable and equitable way and cooperate to ensure their sustainable management. Parties bordering the same
More than 60 per cent of the world’s freshwater flow is shared between two or more riparian states. The sustainable and cooperative management of these transboundary water resources is crucial for access to water, sustainable development as well as regional stability and peace. However, many countries and basins struggle to identify and mobilize the needed funding for transboundary water
Domestic wood heating is a major source of emissions of particulate matter, including black carbon (BC), and organic pollutants, such as dioxins/furans, polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) and benzo[a]pyrene (B(a)P), in the ECE region, resulting in poor local air quality conditions and significant negative effects on human health. The present document responds to the need to inform the
Most of the world’s water resources are shared between countries. These transboundary waters create social, economic, environmental and political interdependencies that make cooperation a precondition to sustainable development and peace. SDG indicator 6.5.2 measures cooperation on both transboundary river and lake basins, and transboundary aquifers. In this second report on SDG indicator 6.5.2,
Third review of implementation of the Protocol on Strategic Environmental Assessment (2016-2018). Available in  English, French and Russian This electronic only publication contains the Third review of implementation of the Protocol on SEA (2016-2018), as adopted by the Meeting of the Parties to the Protocol at its fourth session (Vilnius (online), 8–11 December 2020).  It examines responses to a
Sixth Review of Implementation of the Convention on Environmental Impact Assessment in a Transboundary Context (2016-2018). Available in English, French and Russian This publication contains the Sixth review of
The Guidance on the Applicability of the Convention to the Lifetime Extension of Nuclear Power Plants was prepared by an ad hoc working group co-chaired by Germany and the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, as mandated by the Meeting of the Parties to the Convention on Environmental Impact Assessment in a Transboundary Context (ECE/MP.EIA/27/Add.1–ECE/MP.EIA/SEA/11/Add.1,
This toolbox has been developed to assist the Ministry of Environmental Protection of Serbia in integrating gender equality considerations into various sectoral programmes and policies. It provides a practical and workable approach to gender mainstreaming in environmental policy. It has been applied to two programmes chosen by the Ministry of Environmental Protection: the National Waste
The calendar covers selected findings on biodiversity and protected areas from 15 environmental performance reviews (EPRs) conducted in the period 2012–2020. By disseminating the results of the EPRs in the form of a calendar for the upcoming year, UNECE aims to draw attention to the findings of the reviews and encourage the implementation of the EPR recommendations in 2021 and beyond. For a
The availability of integrated, relevant, high-quality, timely and easily accessible environmental information provides the means for assessing environmental status and the foundation for meaningful and informed environmental governance. Timely, relevant, reliable and easily accessible environmental information is also essential to efforts to inform citizens about the quality of their environment
The present publication contains the third Environmental Performance Review of Uzbekistan. The report examines the progress made by the country in the management of its environment since it was reviewed for the second time in in 2009–2010 and assesses the implementation of the recommendations made in the second review. The EPR covers legal and policy frameworks and environmental compliance
The Convention on the Protection and Use of Transboundary Watercourses and International Lakes (Water Convention) was adopted in 1992 and entered into force in 1996. Designed as a regional instrument, the Water Convention was amended in 2003 to allow accession by countries outside the UNECE region. As of 2016, all United Nations Member States can accede to the Water Convention. As at mid-2020,
This policy brief highlights the main results of an assessment of the water-food-energy-ecosystems nexus in the North-Western Sahara Aquifer System (NWSAS), shared by Algeria, Libya and Tunisia. The aquifer system is one of the largest transboundary groundwater reserves of North Africa, extending over one million square kilometres and subject to increased water demands. Improving the management
This report highlights the main results of an assessment of the water-food-energy-ecosystems nexus in the North-Western Sahara Aquifer System (NWSAS), shared by Algeria, Libya and Tunisia. The aquifer system is one of the largest transboundary groundwater reserves of North Africa, extending over one million square kilometers and subject to increased water demands. Improving the management of
There is an increasing recognition that energy-related objectives can be achieved more effectively through integrated and consultative planning, in synergy with environmental and other sectoral objectives, notably those of the water and agricultural sectors. A series of intersectoral “nexus” assessments  under the Convention on the Protection and Use of
The introduction of a reporting monitoring mechanism under the Water Convention and the adoption of the SDG framework (SDG indicator 6.5.2) mark an important step in supporting transboundary water cooperation. This Guide to reporting under the Water Convention and as a contribution to SDG indicator 6.5.2 was developed as a result of a review of the first reporting on SDG indicator 6.5.2 and under
This calendar covers the findings from 13 EPRs on selected environmental topics such as climate change, gender and environment, investments in environmental protection, municipal waste management and many others. By disseminating the results of the EPRs in the form of a calendar for the upcoming year, UNECE aims to draw attention to the findings of the reviews and encourage the implementation of
These safety guidelines and good practices have been developed to support governments, competent authorities and operators in minimizing the risk of fire and safely retaining firefighting water. They are intended to enhance existing practices and promote harmonized safety standards for firefighting water management and retention, in order to prevent accidental pollution of soil and water,
Parties, beneficiary countries of the Assistance and Cooperation Programme and other countries wishing to implement the UNECE Convention on the Transboundary Effects of Industrial Accidents sometimes face challenges in the interpretation of its provisions. Shedding light on the basic requirements of the Convention, this Guide offers a practical explanation of what compliance with this legal