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Trade Publications

Displaying Results 21 - 40 of 170

Since 2010, the ECE has been undertaking demand-driven national studies of regulatory and procedural barriers to trade, with a view to: helping countries achieve greater regional and global economic integration; informing donors as to where assistance might be required; and supporting policy
This Publication (ECE/TRADE/440) advocates for integrating education about standardization into the curricula of educational establishments. It presents evidence of the relevance of standards for policymakers and business executives as well
This Guide (ECE/TRADE/441) is a practical tool to help trainers in the preparation, delivery and follow up to a set of training workshops.   Both this guide and the workshop materials have been prepared by the UNECE Secretariat, with the
Recommendation 42 on Trade and Transport Facilitation Monitoring Mechanisms (TTFMM) addresses issues related to institutional arrangements and methodology in designing and implementing TTFMM. It is an important contribution to UNECE’s suite of Trade Facilitation recommendations and guidance
The Economic Commission for Europe (UNECE) has a long history of offering trade facilitation guidance, especially on the topic of Single Window. Since its emergence in 2004, Recommendation 33 on implementing a Single Window has been widely received as the reference on the subject and is used as
As the second most polluting industry, the textile sector is responsible for a large portion of the world’s CO2 emissions and industrial waste, not to mention the exploitation of “indecent” working conditions. At the same time, the industry has a complex value chain, with production facilities
Since the introduction in 1973 as the UNECE Recommendation No. 1, the UN Layout Key (UNLK) has provided Governments, organizations and the business community with a basis for a standard and aligned design of documents used in trade and transport. This has led to a major improvement in the
Within the United Nations Economic Commission for Europe (UNECE), the United Nations Centre for Trade Facilitation and Electronic Business (UN/CEFACT) has developed a series of some 30 recommendations and standards that are used worldwide to simplify, standardize and harmonize trade procedures
The Explanatory Brochure on the Standard for Sweet Peppers has been developed to harmonize the interpretation of the Standard, thereby facilitating international as well as national trade. It addresses producers and traders, as well as inspection authorities. It corresponds to the latest edition
Facilitating trade is about streamlining and simplifying international trade, particularly import and export procedures, transit requirements and procedures applied by Customs and other agencies (UNECE-UN/CEFACT). With the rapid increase of international trade, thanks in part to the reduction of
A small landlocked country, the Republic of Moldova remains one of the poorest countries in South East Europe, with the economy showing continued dependence on low value-added manufacturing and agriculture along with remittances from workers abroad for income generation
Public-Private Partnerships (PPPs) is a possible solution for financing and implementing public projects. These projects allow the public sector to benefit from private sector funding, expertise and capacity while allowing the private sector to partner with the public
An upper-middle income country, Albania is in the process of implementing an all-encompassing reform effort to foster national competitiveness and achieve greater integration into global value chains.Driving these reforms is the imperative for fulfilling the requirements
Consumers and producers are increasingly interested in knowing how products are made and whether there are any adverse environmental or social impacts. While two products may look or feel similar, consumers may still distinguish between them on the basis of certain intangible policy claims, such
This Handbook presents a general framework for the design of of e-Business projects in the agrifood sector using open, international standards. It specifically looks at four e-Business standards developed by UN/CEFACT in the areas of:Electronic phytosanitary certificates
The purpose of Recommendation N°. 40 (ECE/TRADE/423) is to inform government agencies and private sector stakeholders about approaches to effective consultations that will be flexible, transparent,
International trade in agricultural and food products is more complex than trade in manufacturing – trade regulations are stricter, paperwork is more cumbersome and logistics are more complex. These elements are mainly required for ensuring food safety for consumers.
This publication (ECE/TRADE/346/Rev.1) contains the latest information on trade facilitation recommendations established under the auspices of the United Nations Centre for Trade Facilitation and
The aim of this bi-lingual Publication (ECE/TRADE/424) is to help bring voluntary standards into the toolbox of disaster risk reduction, including both by encouraging their use by business and by