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Historically, extractive industries have also been a major driver of economic growth, particularly for now-advanced economies that benefitted during and after the Industrial Revolution. Currently, mineral resource extraction plays a dominant role in the economies of 81 countries that account for a quarter of global GDP, half of the world’s population and nearly 70 per cent of those living in
The 2030 Agenda and its Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) provide an ambitious and comprehensive framework that opens new perspectives for policymaking and international cooperation. Its integrated character highlights the linkages and complementarities that exist between different goals and targets. UNECE is supporting countries to address these key sustainable development challenges through
The COVID-19 pandemic has presented an abrupt, even if temporary, halt to some of these trends, and underscored systemic vulnerabilities in health, economic, social and other systems, including those related to energy and industry. Failure to transition quickly to more sustainable systems will perpetuate these vulnerabilities, while also jeopardizing the fight against climate change and
The world’s energy sector is undergoing a profound transition. This transition is driven by the need to expand access to clean energy in support of socio-economic development, especially in emerging economies, while at the same time limiting the impacts of climate change, pollution and other unfolding global environmental crises. Fundamentally this transition requires a shift from the use of
The multifaceted requirements of sustainable development are primarily dependent on the optimal and responsible use of natural resources.  A new paradigm of optimising resource efficiency and progressing towards a circular economy is required to realise the need for balanced development of natural resources. The United Nations Resource Management System (UNRMS) is being designed as a unifying
 Hard Talks in ECE Countries on How to Increase Renewable Energy UptakeThis publication explores the outcomes of Hard Talks carried out in Azerbaijan, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Georgia, Kazakhstan, Serbia and Ukraine, from 2016 until early 2019. The study provides an outline of the
ECE Energy Series 58: Application of UNFC Case Studies 2019 (ECE ENERGY SERIES No. 58) (2019)This publication provides a series of case studies on various resource projects, including niobium, oil & gas, rare earth elements, thorium and uranium, from different countries. The case studies serve to
Status and Perspectives for Renewable Energy Development in the UNECE Region 2017The UNECE and the  German Energy Agency (dena) have joined forces to issue this report, which features good practices for and experiences of renewable energy policymaking. All countries can benefit from the
Guidelines for Application of the United Nations Framework Classification for Resources (UNFC) to Uranium and Thorium Resources (ECE ENERGY SERIES No. 55) (December 2017)This publication provides non-mandatory guidance for the application of the United Nations Framework Classification for Resources (UNFC) to uranium and thorium resources.
The United Nations Economic Commission for Europe (UNECE) and Renewable Energy Policy Network for the 21st Century (REN21)  issued the REN21 UNECE Renewable Energy Status Report 2017.  The UNECE Renewable Energy and Energy Efficiency Status Report 2017 provides a comprehensive overview of the current status of renewable
Deployment of Renewable Energy: the Water-Energy-Food-Ecosystem Nexus ApproachThe water-energy-food-ecosystems nexus approach comes in with the objective of promoting coordination and integrated planning and sustainable management of interlinked resources across sectors
Application of UNFC  to Nuclear Fuel Resources - Selected Case Studies (ECE ENERGY SERIES No. 46) (December 2015)This publication includes eight case studies that demonstrate the classification of uranium or thorium resources at different scales, with examples in Argentina, Brazil, China, India, Malawi, Niger and
United Nations Framework Classification – Sustainable Management of National Endowments (Booklet - December 2015)Ensuring reliable and affordable supplies of energy to support sustainable development is a challenge. Achieving this goal in an environmentally responsible manner is an even greater challenge. Strong,
Renewable Energy – A Crucial Role in the Future Energy Mix (Booklet - December 2015)Renewable energy resources are one means to reduce the carbon intensity of the energy sector, improve energy security and encourage sustainable development. Investing in renewable energy resources can also be a cost-effective