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Historically, extractive industries have also been a major driver of economic growth, particularly for now-advanced economies that benefitted during and after the Industrial Revolution. Currently, mineral resource extraction plays a dominant role in the economies of 81 countries that account for a quarter of global GDP, half of the world’s population and nearly 70 per cent of those living in
The 2030 Agenda and its Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) provide an ambitious and comprehensive framework that opens new perspectives for policymaking and international cooperation. Its integrated character highlights the linkages and complementarities that exist between different goals and targets. UNECE is supporting countries to address these key sustainable development challenges through
The COVID-19 pandemic has presented an abrupt, even if temporary, halt to some of these trends, and underscored systemic vulnerabilities in health, economic, social and other systems, including those related to energy and industry. Failure to transition quickly to more sustainable systems will perpetuate these vulnerabilities, while also jeopardizing the fight against climate change and
The world’s energy sector is undergoing a profound transition. This transition is driven by the need to expand access to clean energy in support of socio-economic development, especially in emerging economies, while at the same time limiting the impacts of climate change, pollution and other unfolding global environmental crises. Fundamentally this transition requires a shift from the use of
Micro-, small and medium enterprises (MSME) are prominent in sectors affected by the COVID-19 pandemic. MSME in the energy efficiency and renewable energy sectors were implementing innovative, circular, green and sustainable initiatives before the onset of the COVID-19 pandemic, so they are well-placed to contribute to the post-COVID-19 recovery. However, on both the supply and demand sides MSME
The multifaceted requirements of sustainable development are primarily dependent on the optimal and responsible use of natural resources.  A new paradigm of optimising resource efficiency and progressing towards a circular economy is required to realise the need for balanced development of natural resources. The United Nations Resource Management System (UNRMS) is being designed as a unifying
Promoting Energy Efficiency Standards and Technologies to Enhance Energy Efficiency in BuildingsECE Energy Series No. 60Geneva, 2020Buildings today are responsible for approximately one third of total final energy consumption and account for almost 40 percent of carbon dioxide emissions. Advanced technical solutions
ECE Energy Series 58: Application of UNFC Case Studies 2019 (ECE ENERGY SERIES No. 58) (2019)This publication provides a series of case studies on various resource projects, including niobium, oil & gas, rare earth elements, thorium and uranium, from different countries. The case studies serve to
Guidelines for Application of the United Nations Framework Classification for Resources (UNFC) to Uranium and Thorium Resources (ECE ENERGY SERIES No. 55) (December 2017)This publication provides non-mandatory guidance for the application of the United Nations Framework Classification for Resources (UNFC) to uranium and thorium resources.
Experience in the Europe & CIS Region with Clean Energy -UNDP, GEF and UNECEThe sixth day of October 2016 was a historic day for global efforts to combat climate change. The Paris Agreement entered into force as more than 55 countries representing 55% of total global greenhouse gas emissions have now
Application of UNFC  to Nuclear Fuel Resources - Selected Case Studies (ECE ENERGY SERIES No. 46) (December 2015)This publication includes eight case studies that demonstrate the classification of uranium or thorium resources at different scales, with examples in Argentina, Brazil, China, India, Malawi, Niger and
Energy Efficiency – Getting more from less (Booklet - December 2015)Improving energy efficiency contributes to energy security, better environment, quality of life, and economic well-being for all. Energy efficiency is called “the first fuel” as it is the best way of getting more out of existing resources,
United Nations Framework Classification – Sustainable Management of National Endowments (Booklet - December 2015)Ensuring reliable and affordable supplies of energy to support sustainable development is a challenge. Achieving this goal in an environmentally responsible manner is an even greater challenge. Strong,