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Historically, extractive industries have also been a major driver of economic growth, particularly for now-advanced economies that benefitted during and after the Industrial Revolution. Currently, mineral resource extraction plays a dominant role in the economies of 81 countries that account for a quarter of global GDP, half of the world’s population and nearly 70 per cent of those living in
The COVID-19 pandemic has presented an abrupt, even if temporary, halt to some of these trends, and underscored systemic vulnerabilities in health, economic, social and other systems, including those related to energy and industry. Failure to transition quickly to more sustainable systems will perpetuate these vulnerabilities, while also jeopardizing the fight against climate change and
Pathways to Sustainable Energy-Early Warning System ConceptEarly Warning System Concept highlights the important aspect of the early warning and planning system including those specific to adaptive policy pathways for sustainable energy. Sustainable energy policies affect the global economy and environment. These
Pathways to Sustainable Energy – Accelerating Energy Transition in the UNECE RegionIn September 2015 countries agreed to the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development that comprises seventeen Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs). Attainment of the goals depends directly or indirectly on the availability of
How Natural Gas can Displace Competing Fuels(Geneva, 2019)If there is to be a significant role for gas as a transition fuel, let alone as a destination fuel, governments and international institutions in the UNECE region will have to develop strategies that encourage the use of gas in the near- and medium-term
How Natural Gas can Support the Uptake of Renewable Energy(Geneva, 2019)There is a strong medium-to-long-term future for gas so long as it wholeheartedly embraces the energy transition and partners with renewables to produce carbon-free products, notably hydrogen, whislt embracing carbon capture, use and storage (CCUS).Gas has
The Potential of Natural Gas to Penetrate New Markets(Geneva, 2019)The versatility of gas means it can be used for heat, for power, for combined heat and power (CHP), for petrochemicals and fertilisers, and in internal combustion engines. Natural gas can also be used as a source of hydrogen, and with biogas can contribute to
Energy for Sustainable Development in the UNECE Region.  If the world is to develop sustainably, it will be necessary to secure access to affordable,reliable, sustainable, and modern energy services while reducing greenhouse gas emissions and the carbon footprint of the energy sector. The brochure
Pathways to Sustainable Energy - Exploring Alternative Outcomes (December 2015) In September 2015 countries agreed to a set of sustainable development goals. Attainment of all of the goals depends directly or indirectly on the availability of sustainable energy. Member States of the UNECE have asked how the
Sustainable Energy @ UNECE - Securing Affordable and Sustainable Energy Supply (Booklet - December 2015)Sustainable energy is the linchpin of the Global GoalsUNECE’s work in energy falls into three broad categories: reconciling the reality of fossil fuels’ enduring share of the energy mix with the need to