Nitrogen (N) is essential for life. It is an element of chlorophyll in plants and of protein (amino acids) in animals and humans. As such, it is a major nutrient to allow food, fibre and biofuel production.
While transboundary rivers, lakes and aquifers, accounting for 60 per cent of global freshwater flows, are of crucial importance for the sustainable development and political stability of riparian States, the financial means for their management, development and protection are insufficient in most parts of the world. This negatively affects more than 40 per cent of the world’s population, who live within or rely on the more than 300 transboundary basins on our planet, and delays achievement of Sustainable Development Goal 6 on clean water and sanitation.
Economic and social development in Albania crucially depends on the availability and good quality of water, land, forest and environmental resources, which are, however, under increasing pressure, including from climate change. An online consultation on the Water-Energy-Food-Ecosystems Nexus in Albania held on 14 December 2020, provided for broader engagement into a cross-sectoral assessment exercise.
After months of the COVID-19 crisis challenging healthcare systems and undermining economies, governments worldwide are looking for ways to jump-start the economic recovery. Without factoring in environmental concerns, recovery packages risk undermining the foundations for sustainable development, aggravating pollution and other environmental challenges, and jeopardizing progress towards carbon neutrality.
Knowing where exactly air pollutant emissions are coming from in a given country is important to make viable policy decisions.
A vision for transboundary cooperation around the Senegal-Mauritanian Aquifer Basin (SMAB) has been developed by representatives of the States that share this aquifer system, namely The Gambia, Guinea Bissau, Mauritania and Senegal.
Morocco has requested UNECE to review its environmental performance for a second time. To provide the groundwork for the review, a team of UNECE and international experts will participate in a country hybrid mission from December 2020 to February 2021, first meeting national experts by virtual means and later going on a short mission to the country depending on the COVID-19 situation in early 2021. UNECE cooperates with the United Nations Economic Commission for Africa in conducting the review.
The eleventh meeting of the Conference of the Parties to UNECE’s Convention on the Transboundary Effects of Industrial Accidents (Industrial Accidents Convention), drawing to a close today, took place from 7-9 December 2020 – for the first time, in a hybrid form, in view of the COVID-19 pandemic.
Covering an area of approximately 1 million km2, the North Western Sahara Aquifer System (NWSAS) basin is an essential water resource for 4.6 million people in Algeria, Tunisia and Libya (2.04 million in Algeria, 1.48 million in Libya, 0.7 million in Tunisia).
For many countries, mining is an important industry in terms of economic and social development. Mining activities however generate hazardous waste that is commonly stored in ponds or tailings, often referred to as tailings management facilities (TMFs). Failures at TMFs have regularly led to environmental catastrophes with devastating effects on humans and the environment, as evidenced in Baia Mare (Romania) in 2000, Ridder (Kazakhstan) in 2016 or, more recently, in Brumadinho (Brazil) in 2019.