The inclusion of urban transport in the SDG 11 is further confirmation that transport is an essential component of the overall sustainable development. It is crucial to eradicating poverty and economic growth (access to markets and jobs), improving education (access to schools), protecting child and maternal health (access to medical services), and enhancing environmental sustainability and traffic safety.
The Inland Transport Committee (ITC), as the unique inland transport intergovernmental body through this publication “Sustainable Urban Mobility and Public Transport”, wishes to contribute to the global debate and facilitate consensus on the important role of the sector in sustainable urban mobility and transport development in the 2030 Sustainable Development Agenda.
Why cities? A review of the current situation and trends in urban passenger transport and urban freight distribution underlines the intensity of the pressures to which both passenger and goods movements contribute. At the same time urban passenger and freight transport have negative impacts through leading to congestion, pollution and to traffic safety challenges, to mention only a few most visible pressures. Increasingly, passenger and freight movements are intertwined in a zero-sum game, having to utilize the same finite infrastructures and urban space to satisfy the ever-growing demand for mobility. The results of this study presents, analyses and benchmarks the public transport networks and mobility services of thirty six UNECE Capitals. Concrete recommendations towards the development of sustainable public transport and urban mobility networks are provided considering that all public transport modes are efficiently interconnected and that cycling and walking are integral parts of such networks as well.
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