Issues and challenges regarding gender and transport have been discussed and researched for decades. Despite this, there has only been gradual progress regarding safety, ease of access, participation in decision making processes and several other issues regarding gender and transport. Additionally, the transport and mobility sector is a male dominated field and there is a lack of women undertaking education in science, technology, engineering and mathematics (STEM) disciplines, which provide an entry point to careers in the sector, as well as other subjects that commonly lead to careers in the sector. As such, the sector lacks a diversity of perspectives, knowledge and thinking, which has contributed to the challenges faced today.
As gender mainstreaming is increasingly becoming an imperative focus within the United Nations system, taking greater action on these matters in the Transport, Health and Environment Pan-European Programme (THE PEP) is fundamental. Moreover, there have been few discussions which combine the transport, health and environmental aspects of gender mainstreaming in transport and mobility, which is a key gap that THE PEP could seek to fill.